We like to think think about tree plantings as three separate categories:
- Riparian tree plantings
- Upland tree plantings
- Street tree plantings
Let’s talk about tree plantings and why they are important!
Riparian tree planting
Riparian tree plantings are trees planted in vegetates areas alongside streams, rivers and other waterways; there are called riparian zones or buffers.
Native trees and other vegetation planted in these areas play a vital role in improving water quality. Riparian buffer plantings filter pollutants before they enter waterways, help to stabilize eroding stream banks, and provide many other benefits to aquatic ecosystems.
Upland tree planting
Upland tree plantings occur where drainage is sufficient so that soils do not become saturated for extended periods of time. These trees are able to grow successfully in areas that receive less water as opposed to trees planted in a riparian buffer.
Upland tree plantings are important because these tree root systems help to prevent erosion as well as reduce the rate rainwater flows into the stream. Upland tree plantings are also categorized as multiple trees planted in an area as opposed to street tree plantings which are can be categorized as one tree planted in an area.
Street tree planting
Street trees are generally located in either the public or private property; typically individual plantings located along sidewalks adjacent to streets.
Trees are an important component of Harford County’s green infrastructure plan. Street trees are essential because tree canopies reduce the amount and rate at which rainwater strikes the ground, reducing erosion and storm water management costs. It is estimated that a single tree can manage about 3,440 gallons of storm water annually!
Harford Streams does not partake in individual street tree plantings and focuses more or riparian and upland tree plantings. Street tree plantings or individual tree plantings are a great way for residents to help with water quality in their community.
Click here to learn more about planting with a purpose and grant opportunities for environmental improvement projects.
Urban forestry in Washington State - wordpress.com